With the process of mummification the ancient Egyptians must have learnt much about the human body and it's inner workings there are scarcely any recordings of their discoveries. We do know however from the earliest document of medicine that the Egyptians must have studied anatomy as there are references to the organs and systems within the body such as the heart, liver, kidneys, vessels and bladder. The Edwin Smith Papyrus was an ancient textbook on medical procedures and contained anatomical observations about the human body.
There is also evidence that a Ptolemaic School of Medicine was built/ created in 300 BC within Egypt. As well as the papyrus there are also references in literary texts and ancient documentations from other civilisations such as Homer who wrote sometime in 800 BC
"In Egypt, the men are more skilled in medicine than any of human kind"
Hippocrates (also known as the Father of Medicine) who studied at the temple of Amenhotep credited the contribution that the Ancient Egyptians had made to the study of medicine.